Japanese Researchers to Test Residence Sustainable Under Extreme Environments (page 2)
The four organizations expect an average annual temperature of -10.4°C, minimum temperature of -45.3°C, maximum instantaneous wind speed of 61.2m/s, etc. The Antarctica Mobile Base Unit is equipped with a sled for carrying a container, sensors for monitoring the safety of residents, etc. They plan to unveil the unit in late October 2019 and, then, transport it to Showa Station for verification test scheduled in February to September 2020.
Specifically, the four organizations will check the effect of optimizing heating energy inside the unit realized by a solar power generation system, heat collection/storage system, etc. As a target value of the unit's heat insulating performance, they aim at 0.20w/m2·K (UA value or average U-value), which is higher than the ZEH (zero energy house) standard in the cold regions of Japan (Hokkaido and part of the Tohoku region) (0.4w/m2·K). They will test the energy-saving performance realized with those heat-insulating technologies.
Moreover, the four organizations will examine (1) the easiness of construction and (2) the effectiveness of construction tools and "construction support sensors" by connecting two units to expand the living space and separating them to narrow the space. Furthermore, by checking the sensors for monitoring the safety of residents (e.g. temperature/humidity and detection of CO2 and fire) in real time, they will test the safety and comfort of the living space.