Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd had a ceremony to name and launch the world's first liquefied hydrogen carrier Dec 11, 2019.
The carrier, "Suiso Frontier," was built at Kawasaki Heavy Industries' Kobe Works. It will be equipped with a liquefied hydrogen tank (capacity: 1,250m3) manufactured at Harima Works and is scheduled to be completed in the fall of 2020.
The carrier was developed for safely transporting liquefied hydrogen that is cooled to a temperature of -253°C and has a volume 1/800 that of gaseous hydrogen over a long distance by sea. For the liquefied hydrogen tank, a vacuum-insulated, double-shell structure was employed.
The total length and total weight of the carrier are 116m and about 8,000t, respectively. It uses a diesel-electric propulsion system, and its sea speed is about 13.0kn.
After completion, the carrier will be used for a technical test targeted at the establishment of an international hydrogen supply chain scheduled in fiscal 2020 as part of the "Demonstration Project for Establishment of Mass Hydrogen Marine Transportation Supply Chain Derived From Unused Brown Coal" of New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). In the test, liquefied hydrogen produced in Australia will be transported to Japan.
Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Iwatani Corp, Shell Japan Ltd and Electric Power Development Co Ltd (J-Power) formed the CO2-free Hydrogen Energy Supply-chain Technology Research Association (HySTRA). With help from NEDO, HySTRA is developing technologies for an energy supply chain that enables to economically and stably procure a large amount of hydrogen.
In addition to the carrier, Kawasaki Heavy Industries is building a liquefied hydrogen unloading terminal in Kobe City and a brown coal gasification facility in Australia.
In 2018, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Iwatani, J-Power, Marubeni Corp and AGL Loy Yang Pty Ltd formed a consortium and are building a gas refining facility, hydrogen liquefaction/loading terminal, etc with financial support from the Australian and Victorian governments.